Sergey Oboguev (oboguev) wrote,
Sergey Oboguev
oboguev

Дм. Крылову


> Книга написана. В ней, как минимум, одно крупное открытие, объясняющее, почему русские оценивают себя ниже других народов. Это явление не уникальное, все этносы, пережившие колонизацию, в той или иной степени усваивают взгляд колонизаторов на себя. Моё открытие состоит в том, что я описал этнопсихологический механизм, ведущий к такой самооценке, и показываю с фактами в руках, как этот взгляд на себя становится частью культуры, то есть прописывается в ней «своим» и «нормальным».

Дмитрий, чтобы не вышло конфуза, сообщу Вам (пока книга не вышла), что сделанное Вами "открытие" сделано много десятилетий назад, и многократно описано в социологической и психологической литературе -- как психологические и социальные механизмы явления этнического автонегативизма и себя-ненависти, так и многочисленные конкретные примеры действия этих механизмов.

Рекомендую начать чтение литературы с Kurt Lewin, “Self-Hatred Among Jews”, впервые опубликована в 1941 г., легче всего найти в сборнике автора “Resolving Social Conflicts. Selected Papers on Group Dynamics”, NY, 1948, стр. 186-200.

Классическими примерами лучше всего описанными в литературе являются евреи, американские негры, японцы, немцы в послевоенные годы в США и Канаде. Есть описание и на примере других народностей (см. напр. Стоунквиста или Оллпорта).

Gordon Allport, “The Nature of Prejudice”, стр. 37-9 и 142-154 по юбилейному изданию Addison-Wesley, 1979 г.

Everett Stonequist, “The Marginal Man: a Study in Personality and Culture Conflict”, NY, 1937

ed. A. Miller, “In the Eye of the Beholder: Contemporary Issues in Stereotyping”, NY, 1982, стр. 108-110

B. Bettelheim, “Individual and mass behavior in extreme situations”, Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 1943, т. 38, стр. 417-452; его же “The Informed Heart”, издания 1960, 1964, 1971, 1974.

James Garbarino, “Youth in Dangerous Environments: Coping with the Consequences” // ed. Klaus Hurrelmann, “Social Problems and Social Contexts in Adolescence: Perspectives across Boundaries”, NY, 1996, стр. 269 -290.

Natalie Isser, Lita Schwartz, “Minority self-hatred: A psychohistorical case study” // “Journal of Psychology and Judaism”, 1983, т. 7, № 2 (Spring-Summer), стр. 101-117.

Jack Levin, William Levin, “The Functions of Discrimination and Prejudice”, Cambridge – San Francisco – London, 1982, стр. 76-7.

Lisa Brown, “Ethnic stigma as a contextual experience: A possible selves perspective” // “Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin”, 1997, т. 24, № 2 (February), стр. 163-172.

D. Shainberg, “Identity and object choice” // “Psychiatric Quarterly”, 1964, т. 38, № 1, стр. 126-137.

David Ho, “Psychological aspects of slavery and colonialism” // “Bulletin of the Hong Kong Psychological Society”, № 15, July 1985, стр. 37-42.

На примере Японии см. напр. в книге японско-шведского социолога Michio Kitahara, “Children of the Sun: the Japanese and the Outside World”, Sandgate, 1989 и в его же статье Michio Kitahara, “The Japanese and Defense Mechanisms” // “The Journal of Psychoanalytic Anthropology”, 1981, т. 4, № 4 (Fall), стр. 467- 479.

Обзор проблемы и библиографии на примере негритянского случая: Daryl Michael Scott, “The Damaged Black Psyche”, Stanford PhD. Thesis, 1993.

см. тж. Shelby Steele, “The Content of Our Character”, NY, 1990, стр. 41-5, 54, 57.

см. тж. "The Black Self-Hatred Paradigm Revisited”, сборник ed. Reginald L. Jones, “Black Psychology”, 3- rd ed., Berkeley, 1991, стр. 141-165; там же можно найти и дальнейшую библиографию вопроса

см. тж. Helen McLean, “The emotional health of Negroes” // “Journal of Negro Education”, 1949, т. 18, стр. 283-290

см. тж. Henry McGee, “Black Lawyers and the Struggle for Racial Justice in the American Social Order” // “Buffalo Law Review”, 1971, т. 20, № 2 (Winter), стр. 423-434.

см. тж. Elsa First, “She Mixed” // “Gender and Psychoanalysis”, 1996, т. 1, № 1 (January), стр. 119-131.

см. тж. Wyatt Kirk, “Where are you? Black mental health model.” // “Journal of Non-White Concerns in Personnel and Guidance” (“Journal of multicultural counseling and development”), 1975, т. 3, № 4, стр. 177-188.

см. тж. Carla Massey, “Body-Smarts: An Adolescent Girl Thinking, Talking, and Mattering” // “Gender and Psychoanalysis”, 1996, т. 1, № 1 (January), стр. 75-102.

см. тж. Afi Samella Abdullah, “Mammy-ism: A diagnosis of psychological misorientation for women of African descent” // “Journal of Black Psychology”, 1998, т. 24, № 2 (May), стр. 196-210.

см. тж. Jocelyn Maxime, “The therapeutic importance of racial identity in working with black children who hate” // ed. Ved Varma, “How and why children hate”, London, 1993, стр. 94-112.

см. тж. Joseph Baldwin, “Theory and research concerning the notion of Black self-hatred: A review and reinterpretation.” // “Journal of Black Psychology”, 1979, т. 5, № 2 (February), стр. 51-77.

см. тж. William Cross, “Shades of black: Diversity in African-American identity”, Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 1991

см. тж. Sandra Bailey, “Ethnic self-hatred in black psychotics: A preliminary report” // Journal of the Bronx State Hospital, 1973, т. 1, № 2 (Spring), стр. 67-76.

ее же: Sandra Bailey, “Ethnic self-hatred in Black psychotics”, PhD thesis, City Univ. of New York, 1976

см. тж. John Hartman, “Psychological conflict in Negro American language behavior: A case study” // “American Journal of Orthopsychiatry”, 1971, т. 41, № 4 (July), стр. 627-635.

см. тж. Devi Rajab, Ebrahim Chohan, “Self-Hate and Intergroup Relations in South Africa: Indian Student Responses to White, Black, and Indian Group Situations” // “Studies in Third World Societies”, 1987, № 39 (March), стр. 69-80.

На примере евреев: Barry Rubin, “Assimilation and its Discontents”, Random House, 1995.

Raphael Patai, “The Jewish Mind”, NY, 1977, стр. 222-3, 271-7, 281-3, 456-480, 539.

Encyclopaedia Judaica, Decennial Book, 1973-1982, Jerusalem, статья “Self-hatred”

R. Loewenstein, “Christians and Jews: A Psychoanalytic Study”, International Universities Press, NY, 1951 (3-e изд.), стр. 149-152, 157.

Everett Stonequist, “The Marginal Character of the Jews” // ed. Isacque Graeber, Steuart Britt, “Jews in a Gentile World”, NY, 1942, стр. 296-310.

J. Sarnoff, “Identification with the Aggressor: Some Personality Correlates of Anti-Semitism among Jews”, Journal of Personality, 1951, 2:199-218.

C. Greenberg, “Self-Hatred and Jewish Chauvinism”, Commentary, 1950, 10:426-33.

Judith T. Shuval, “Self-Rejection Among North American Immigrants to Israel”, Israel Annals of Psychiatry and Related Disciplines, Spring 1966, 4(1), стр. 101-110.

Henry Tajfel, Gustav Jahoda, Charlan Nemeth, Y. Rim, N.B. Johnson, “The Devaluation by Children of Their Own National and Ethnic Group” // British Journal of Social and Clinic Psychology, 1972, № 11, стр. 235- 243.

Hans Mayer, “Outsiders: A Study in Life and Letters”, MIT Press, 1982, стр. 363 (глава “еврейская себя- ненависть”).

John Murray Cuddihy, “The Ordeal of Civility: Freud, Marx, Lévi-Strauss and the Jewish Struggle with Modernity”, NY, 1974, стр. 137, 139.

Jack Nusan Porter, “The Jew as Outsider”, University Press of America, Washington, D.C., 1981, стр. 217.

Peter Gay, “Freud, Jews and other Germans: Masters and Victims in Modernist Culture”, Oxford Univ. Press, 1978.

Solomon Liptzin, “Germany's Stepchildren”, The Jewish Publication Society of America, Philadelphia, 1944, стр. 186-201.

Albert Memmi, “The Liberation of the Jew”, NY, 1966, стр. 19-29, 59-61, 107-121, 267-274.

Milton Steinberg, “A Partisan Guide to the Jewish Problem”, B’nai B’rith Hillel Foundations, NY, 1945, глава “The Sick Soul”, стр. 115-129.

Howard Singer, “Bring Forth the Mighty Men”, NY, Funk and Wagnalls, 1969, стр. 227-232.

Исайя Берлин “Бенджамин Дизраэли, Карл Маркс и поиски индентичности” // в Isaiah Berlin, “Against the Current”, NY, 1980

Mordecai Kaplan, “The Future of the American Jew”, NY, 1958 (3-е изд.; первоизд. 1948), стр. 3-6, 15, 21, 33.

Jessie Bernard, “Biculturality: A Study in Social Schizophrenia” // в eds. Isacque Graeber, Steuart Britt, “Jews in a Gentile World”, NY, 1942, стр. 264-293

Theodor Reik, “Jewish Wit”, NY, 1962, стр. 20, 219-233 (раздел “Psychology and psychopatology of Jewish Wit”).

Nathan Ackerman, Marie Jahoda, “Anti-Semitism and Emotional Disorder: A Psychoanalytic Interpretation”, NY, 1950, стр. 79-80.

Sander L. Gilman, “Jewish Self-Hatred, Anti-Semitism and the Hidden Language of the Jews”, John Hopkins Univ. Press, 1986, стр. 305-6.

J.V. Diller, “Freud’s Jewish Identity”, Assoc. Univ. Press, 1991 // серия “Sara F. Yoseloff memorial publications in Judaism and Jewish Affairs”, стр. 20, 25, 31-2, 35, 40-1, 46-9, 77, 90-1.

Jack Nusan Porter, “On Self-Hatred. Or Was Karl Marx an Anti-Semite?”, Association for Humanist Sociology 1979 Conference, также Eastern Sociological Society 1980 Conference.

Sander L. Gilman, “Smart Jews in Fin-de-siecle Vienna: ‘Hybrids’ and the Anxiety about Jewish Superior Intelligence – Hofmannsthal and Wittgenstein” // “Modernism/Modernity”, 1996, т. 3, № 2 (May), стр. 45- 58.

Frank E. Manuel, “A Requiem for Karl Marx” // “Daedalus”, Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (Boston), 1992, т. 121, № 2 (Spring), стр. 1-19.

David McCalden, “Exiles from history: a psychohistorical study of Jewish self-hate”, London, 1982

Ronald Demakovsky, “Jewish anti-Semitism and the psychopathology of self-hatred”, PhD thesis, California School of Professional Psychology, Los Angeles, 1979

R.G.L. Waite, “Adolf Hitler’s Guilt Feelings: A Problem in History and Psychology” // “The Journal of Interdisciplinary History”, 1971, т. 1, № 2 (Winter), стр. 229-249.
(см. тж. R.G.L. Waite, Walter Langer, “The Mind of Adolf Hitler”, NY, 1972, стр. 231-4)

Joseph Gittler, “Jews as an ethnic minority in the United States” // “International Journal of Group Tensions”, 1972, т. 2, № 4, стр. 4-21.

Livia Bitton, “The Jewess as a Fictional Sex Symbol” // “Bucknell Review”, 1973, т. 21, № 1 (Spring), стр. 63-86.

Tamar Dothan, “Jewish Children from Ethiopia in Israel: Some Observations on Their Adaptation Patterns” // “Israel Social Science Research”, 1985, т. 3, № 1-2, стр. 97-103.

Fran Markowitz, “Plaiting the Strands of Jewish Identity” // “Comparative Studies in Society and History”, 1990, т. 32, № 1 (January), стр. 181-189.

Литературное изображение напр. в Ludwig Lewisohn, “The Defeated”, London, 1927, стр. 110-1, 138-143; также Ludwig Lewisohn, “The Island Within”, Philadelphia, 1968 (первоизд. 1928), стр. x, 96, 100, 113, 127, 205-9, 218-9.

См. тж. Ezra Park, “Human Migration and the Marginal Man” // “American Journal of Sociology” за май 1928 г. (т. 33, № 6, стр. 881-893).

См. тж. классику: Theodor Lessing, "Jüdischer Selbsthaß", Bln., Jüdischer Vlg, 1930.

На примере немцев: Hubert Speidel, “Zeitgeschichtliche Gedanken eines Psychoanalytikers: Ueber einige verborgene Konsequenzen der “Vergangenheitsbewaeltigung” der NS-Zeit” (“A psychoanalyst’s contemporary thoughts: Regarding some hidden consequences of “coping with the past” of the Nazi era”) // “Zeitschrift fuer Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychoanalyse”, 1996, т. 42, № 2, стр. 179-189.

На примере доминиканцев: Ginetta Candelario, “Looks Can Be Deceiving: Preliminary Notes on Dominican Racial Identity” // American Sociological Association 1997 Conference.

. . . . . литература по связанным вопросам:

См. тж. David Wilson, “The psychopathology of suicide” // “Neuropsychiatry”, 1951, т. 1, № 4, стр. 17-20.

John Gabriel, “Self-hate and neurotic breakdown” // “Australian Journal of Psychology”, 1958, т. 10, № 2 (September), стр. 169-174.

Leo Schneiderman, “Arthur Miller’s drama from the standpoint of Self psychology” // “Psychoanalytic Review”, 1997, т. 84, № 3 (June), стр. 417-435.

Philip Lichtenberg, Carol Roman, “Psychological Contributions to Social Struggle” // “Journal of Progressive Human Services”, 1990, т. 1, № 2, стр. 1-15.

Philip Lichtenberg, “Undoing the clinch of oppression”, Frankfurt, Peter Lang Publishing, Inc., 1990 // American University studies, Series 8: Psychology, т. 21.

Glynis Breakwell, “Coping with threatened identities”, NY & London, 1986

Arlen Ring, “Against oneself: An inquiry into the nature of self-hatred”, PhD thesis, Univ. of Southern California, 1981

Karen Horney, “Neurosis and human growth; the struggle toward self-realization”, NY, 1950
(см. также Karen Horney, “Self-analysis”, NY, 1942)

J. Vollmerhausen, “Alienation in the light of Karen Horney’s theory of neurosis” // “American Journal of Psychoanalysis”, 1961, т. 21, стр. 144-155.

H. Gershman, “Neurotic pride and self-hatred according to Freud and Horney” // “American Journal of Psychoanalysis”, 1947, т. 7, № 7, стр. 53-55.

Robert Firestone, “Voice therapy: A psychotherapeutic approach to self-destructive behavior”, NY, Human Sciences Press, 1988.

Robert Firestone, “The ‘voice’: The dual nature of guilt reactions” // “American Journal of Psychoanalysis”, 1987, т. 47, № 3, стр. 210-229.

Herbert Potash, “Pragmatic-existential psychotherapy with personality disorders”, Madison, 1994

Herbert Potash, “Remorse versus self-hatred: An existential analysis” // “Psychotherapy Patient”, 1988, т. 5, № 1-2, стр. 249-257.

Edward Smith, “Retroflection: The forms of non-enactment” // “Gestalt Journal”, 1986, т. 9, № 1 (Spring), стр. 36-54.

Herdie Baisden et. al., “Self-hate, self-esteem, and self-acceptance” // “Rational Living”, 1982, т. 17, № 2 (Fall), стр. 3-12

Bessel van der Kolk, “The complexity of adaptation to trauma: Self-regulation, stimulus discrimination, and characterological development” // ed. Bessel van der Kolk et. al., “Traumatic stress: The effects of overwhelming experience on mind, body, and society”, NY, 1996, стр. 182-213.

Clemmont Vontress, “A personal retrospective on cross-cultural counseling” // “Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development”, 1996, т. 24, № 3 (July), 156-166.

Theodore Isaac Rubin, “Compassion and self-hate; an alternative to despair”, NY, 1975 (переизд. 1986 и 1998)

Patrica Potter-Efron et. al., “Letting Go of Shame: Understanding How Shame Affects Your Life”, 1996

Karl Menninger, “Man Against Himself”, первоизд. London, 1938; переиздания многочисленны (NY, 1938, 1944, 1956, 1966, 1967; San Diego, 1985 и др.)

Martha Friedman, “Overcoming the Fear of Success”, NY, 1980 (и др. издания)

“Tokens and Traitors on Stigma and Self Hate” // Charles Lawrence, “We won’t go back”, Boston, 1997

Robert Firestone, “Combating Destructive Thought Processes : Voice Therapy and Separation Theory”, SAGE Publications, 1997.

Roy Calogeras, Luciano Berti, “Psychoanalyse und Krebs. Ein Fallbericht und eine Hypothese.” (“Psychoanalysis and cancer: A case study and a hypothesis.”) // “Psyche: Zeitschrift fuer Psychoanalyse und ihre Anwendungen”, 1991, т. 45, № 3 (Март), стр. 228-264.

Jacquelynne Parsons et. al., “Intrapsychic Factors Influencing Career Aspirations in College Women” // “Sex Roles”, 1978, т. 4, № 3, June, 337-347.

Philip Helfaer, “Sex and self-respect: The quest for personal fulfillment”, Praeger Publishers, 1998

E. Mala, “Agrese u deti a adolescentu (Агрессия у детей и подростков)” // “Ceskoslovenska Psychiatrie”, 1996, т. 92, прилож. 1 (Май), стр. 58-67.

A. Heigl-Evers, “Aggressivitaet als Abwehrmechanismus: Die Identifizierung mit dem Angreifer” (“Агрессивность как защитный механизм: идентификация с агрессором”) // “Zeitschrift fuer Psychosomatische Medizin”, 1965, т. 11, № 2, стр. 91-104.

Jane Bybee et. al., “Guilt, Guilt-Evoking Events, Depression, and Eating Disorders” // “Current Psychology”, 1996, т. 15, № 2 (Summer), стр. 113-127.

Susan Brink, “Dreams of anorexic and bulimic women: A research study” // “Journal of Analytical Psychology”, 1992, т. 37, № 3 (July), стр. 275-297.

Jacquelyn Gillespie, “Rejection of the body in women with eating disorders” // “Arts in Psychotherapy”, 1996, т. 23, № 2, стр. 153-161.

Sharon McQuaide, “Self-Hatred, the Right to a Life, and the Tasks of Mid-Life” // “Clinical Social Work Journal”, 1996, т. 24, № 1 (Spring), стр. 35-47.

Sander Breiner, “Children in and outside the Concentration Camp” // “The Journal of Psychohistory”, 1996, т. 23, № 4 (Spring), стр. 415-426.

Alan Blum, “The Melancholy Life World of the University” // “DIANOIA”, 1991, т. 2, № 1 (Spring), стр. 16-42.

David Dodd, “Police and Thieves on the Streets of Brixton” // “New Society”, 1978, т. 43, № 806 (March 16), стр. 598-600.

Jack Douglas, Freda Atwell, “Love, Intimacy, and Sex”, Newbury Park, SAGE Publications, 1988 // том 20 в серии “Sage Sociological Observations”

Josef Rogner et. al., “Introjekte bei Alkoholikern und deren Veraenderung in einer stationaeren Suchttherapie (Introjects of alcoholics and their change during a stationary treatment)”, // “Zeitschrift fuer Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychoanalyse”, 1997, т. 43, № 4, стр. 395-406

Egle Laufer, “Depression and self-hatred” // ed. Moses Laufer, “The suicidal adolescent”, International Universities Press, 1995, стр. 21-27.

Lynn O’Connor et. al., “Interpersonal guilt: The development of a new measure” // Journal of Clinical Psychology, 1997, т. 53, № 1 (January), стр. 73-89.

Louis Birner, “Depression and the edge of violence” // “Modern Psychoanalysis”, 1983, т. 8, № 2, стр. 191-205.

David Spiegel, “Trauma, dissociation, and hypnosis” // ed. R. Kluft, “Incest-related syndromes of adult psychopathology”, Washington, American Psychiatric Press, 1990, стр. 247-261.

Russell Eiseman, “Attitudes toward the physically disabled: Report of a research program, with implications for psychotherapy” // “Training School Bulletin”, 1972, т. 68, № 4 (February), стр. 202-206.

N. Skurnik, “Le syndrome de Stockholm” (“Стокгольмский синдром”) // “Annales Medico-Psychologiques”, 1988, т. 146, № 1-2 (январь-февраль), стр. 174-179.

* * *

Всё-таки конфузно "делать открытие" от нечтения книжек.
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